A surgical procedure for the removal of a low rectal or anal tumour resulting in a permanent colostomy. It is sometimes called an APER or APR.
A localised collection of pus, either under the skin or in a cavity.
Examples include washers, pastes, belts, skin barriers, creams and deodorants.
Antigrade colonic enema.
Insertion of special needles to specific points of the body.
A sudden onset of symptoms.
A benign tumour or growth that arises from the layer of cells lining the organ (epithelium).
A benign tumour or growth. It can be removed with a colonoscope.
Two surfaces that stick together following surgery or infection.
Radiotherapy/chemotherapy either pre- or post-operatively.
Hypersensitivity to a foreign substance.
A blood condition resulting in a decrease or deficiency in red blood cells.
Connects the rectum to the anus.
A surgical join of two ends of a healthy bowel.
Surgical removal of the end part of the colon and rectum.
Medication to thin the blood.
Medication to alleviate depression.
Medication to reduce swelling.
An adhesive one or two piece pouch to be worn over your stoma.
The large bowel situated on the right side of the abdomen.
An abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
When the pouch or bag fills with gas or flatus.
An x-ray investigation where a chalky, milky substance is introduced into the bowel.
A chalky, milky mixture that is drunk, which outlines the bowel when x-rayed.
A non-cancerous growth.
Removal of a small piece of tissue.
Burping the pouch
The process by which the pouch or bag is released from the body to release gas.
A surgical redirection.
The first 10-15cm of the ascending colon.
An abnormal division of cells within the body.
A tube inserted into the body to give fluid or take away fluids.
‘Carcion-Embryonic Antigen’. A specific blood test that may indicate possible changes within the body.
Drug treatment for cancer.
Long standing or slow progression of a disease or symptoms.
Pouch or bag that is used for colostomates.
A surgical procedure to remove part or all of the colon.
The large bowel.
Examination of the colon with a special scope with a camera on it inserted via the anus.
An artificial opening of the large bowel onto the surface of the abdomen.
Computed tomography (CT) scan
A high resolution x-ray.
Infrequent or incomplete passing of hard, dry stools.
An appliance that has an outward curve that applies pressure to the peristomal skin.
Medication to reduce inflammation.
A chronic inflammatory disease of the gastro-intestinal tract.
X-ray procedure that uses air to look at the bowel.
An x-ray using a computerised technique.
An appliance where the flange is cut to the exact size and shape of the stoma.
Complete removal of the bladder.
Emptying of faecal matter from the large bowel.
A stoma that allows the repaired bowel to rest.
Inflammation of the skin.
The last part of the large bowel leading to the rectum and anus.
Frequent and excessive loss of watery stools.
Stretch or widen.
Furthest away from.
An uncomfortable, bloated feeling in the abdomen.
Small pockets that form in the wall of the large bowel most commonly found in the descending or sigmoid colon.
A stoma appliance that can be emptied at the bottom. It can be worn for several days.
A staging system for bowel cancer.
Superficial inflammatory process involving the skin.
A scope that allows inspection of the gastrointestinal tract.
Inability to achieve full or partial erection of the penis.
Peristomal skin that has been exposed to an irritant.
Familial adenomatous polyposis
An inherited disease of the bowel.
Filter – Dual-Carb®
A filter for a stoma pouch that allows gas / flatus to be gently dispersed.
A correction passage between two organs or skin.
An adhesive base plate to which the appliance attaches.
A natural gas which is a by-product of the digestive system.
The study of hereditary development.
A complex surgical procedure to avoid a permanent stoma.
Swollen veins in the anus, which may cause pain. Also referred to as piles.
A surgical procedure that results in a colostomy.
A surgical procedure that results in removal of part of the bowel (left or right side).The joining of the two remaining ends to restore normal function.
A small protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal muscles.
Treatment of disease using natural non-chemical medication.
A surgical procedure to create an artificial opening to divert urine onto the abdomen.
This procedure is usually recommended for patients with ulcerative colitis (and more rarely Familial Adenomatous Polyposis). The surgical procedure will remove both the bowel and rectum and then create a pouch (also referred to as a reservoir) utilising the distal ileum. This pouch is sometimes referred to as a J-pouch.
Joining of the small and large bowel.
A surgical procedure where the ileum is brought out onto the abdomen and a stoma is formed.
The small bowel.
Inability to achieve an erection due to psychological or physiological problems.
A surgical cut.
The inability to hold on to stools or urine.
Inflammation of bladder tissue causing inflammation, pain and frequency on passing urine.
An introduction of fluid via a stoma.
Irritable bowel syndrome
A syndrome of varying bowel symptoms.
A lack of blood supply to an organ or structure.
A yellowish colouring to the skin and eyes.
A mid-line incision in the abdomen.
An abnormal area of tissue.
A substance to avoid friction.
Part of the lymphatic system that acts as a barrier to infection.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A magnetic x-ray scan.
The body’s inability to absorb nutrients.
A cancerous growth.
When the tumour is excised a wide area (a margin) needs to be clear from any cancerous cells.
A bowel, which has become excessively dilated.
Blood supply to the intestine.
The top layer that lines the bowel.
Occurring at different times.
A spread of a secondary cancer from the original tumour site.
An acrylic based tape.
Emptying urine out of the bladder. Also referred to as urination.
A surgical procedure when a reservoir is formed using bladder or bowel.
A jelly-like substance produced by the bowel.
A tube that is put into the nose and leads down into the stomach.
A feeling of sickness.
Destruction of tissue through lack of blood supply.
Neo adjuvant drugs
Chemotheraphy/radiotherapy given before surgery.
Night drainage bag
A bag that has a large capacity for overnight use.
A blockage that stops the normal function of a structure or organ.
Accumulation of fluid causing swelling of local tissue.
A doctor specialising in cancer treatments, eg radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
A pouch with a hydrocolloid flange, which adheres to the body.
A pouch you can’t see through.
A treatment that is designed to relieve the symptoms of disease rather than cure.
A surgical procedure that removes the colon, rectum and anus resulting in an end ileostomy.
Artificial device surgically inserted to provide erection.
A burst made by the body itself due to infection or disease
The area or skin around the anus.
The natural movement of the bowel that helps the progression of food through the digestive system.
The area of skin surrounding the stoma.
Infection of the peritoneal cavity.
Positron emission tomography. This is a type of x-ray.
Sensation of wanting to empty the rectum when the bowel has been diverted or taken away.
A raised area in the lining of the bowel.
Ulceration of the skin due to pressure.
An instrument to look at the lower end of the anus.
The prediction of the progression of the disease.
A part of an organ that protrudes from its normal position.
Chronic recurrent skin condition.
Quality of Life
An individual’s perception of their everyday life.
Deep X-rays to a diseased area.
Final section of the bowel that leads to anus.
A recognised complementary therapy to aid relaxation.
Return of the disease.
Disease not as active.
Relating to the kidney system.
Removal of part of the bowel by surgery.
Retraction of the stoma
A stoma sinking below the abdominal surface.
Stoma care nurse.
Cancer that has spread to another area.
Last part of large bowel that curves down towards the rectum.
A rigid or flexible tube with a fibre-optic light passed into the sigmoid colon via the rectum to examine the bowel.
The marking on the abdomen for the site of the stoma.
Skin barrier cream/film
An accessory to protect peristomal skin.
Slow release medicines
Medication that releases slowly into your blood system throughout the day, usually taken once or twice a day.
Material used to cover the pouch.
Ring shaped muscles that contract and relax on natural openings.
Squaemous cell carcinoma
A malignant tumour often arising in the anus or bowel.
Narrowing of the bowel or stoma.
Opening of the bowel on to the abdominal wall.
An operation to reshape a narrowed bowel.
Narrowing of the bowel.
An elasticated or made to measure belt to provide abdominal support.
Medication administered via the anus or stoma.
Medical term used to describe stitches.
Whole body system is treated.
Total mesorectal excision
Removal of the mesorectum.
A surgical procedure that removes part of the anal area.
A clear stoma pouch.
A colostomy formed in the transverse colon.
A growth of abnormal cells that can be benign or malignant.
Includes a base plate/flange and pouch.
Loss of continuity of the skin.
Inflammation of large bowel/colon.
An investigation using sound waves to look at internal organs.
The tubes that run from the kidneys to the bladder.
The tube that runs from the bladder to pass urine.
Urinary tract infection (UTI)
An infection of the urinary tract, bladder or kidneys.
A stoma through which urine passes.
A pouch used to collect urine.
Relates to the length of time a stoma appliance is worn.